To deliver improved water and sanitation services for the poor and excluded in remote rural areas of Nepal.
To improve road access for 800,000 members of rural communities in the Western Region of Nepal, thereby improving economic opportunities and increasing access to markets and social services throughout the year. The project will lift 20,000 people out of poverty through access to work, skill trainings, and will promote equal opportunities for women. The project aims to contribute towards sustainable poverty reduction through investments in high value crops and will lay the foundations for private sector led development in the poorest region in the country. Climate variability and climate change are integrated in building new roads and maintaining existing roads through the programme.
To improve the provision of loans and other financial services for 32,441 small enterprises and 677,000 households in Nepal
To achieve better security and access to justice for at least 1.85 million people, including over 1 million women and girls.
To accelerate private investment and economic growth in Nepal by providing technical expertise to help Nepalese institutions develop major infrastructure; improve the business climate for domestic and foreign investors; improve the implementation of economic policy and test new approaches for local economic development. This will result in at least £600 million of private investment into growth-boosting sectors and a reduction by at least 10% in time or cost for at least five regulatory processes perceived as burdensome by the private sector.
This Fund has been set up to provide operationally relevant research support to country offices in South Asia. Studies will be commissioned on the basis of demand from DFID country offices in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burma, India, Nepal and Pakistan and the context-specific evidence generated will inform the design of new programmes and improve implementation of ongoing programmes in these country offices. It is expected that the evidence generated by the programme will also be useful for other donors and the wider development community. Gender will be a key focus in the programme.
This programme will provide young Nepalis with the opportunities to improve their employability, productivity and decision-making. It will continue and expand DFID’s ambition on skills training in Nepal, by providing skills training to at least 100,000 poor and disadvantaged young Nepalis - especially women- so that they can access better jobs and higher incomes. In response to the April 2015 earthquake, one component will focus DFID resources on providing skills to Nepalis in earthquake-resistant housing construction to help with the enormous reconstruction needs in earthquake-affected districts.
The Government of Nepal develops and implements policies and programmes based on sound evidence leading to demonstrable poverty reduction and progress towards Least Developed Country (LDC) graduation by 2022.
SHEAR will support world-leading research and innovations in flood and drought risk monitoring and warning systems in Sub-Saharan Africa and landslip prone regions of South Asia. To enable greater and more effective investment in disaster resilience and earlier action to respond to imminent natural hazards by providing decision makers with enhanced risk mapping and analyses and more reliable warning systems
Contributing to shared prosperity and development through projects which support improvements in young people's education, strengthen English language teaching and learning and promote the development of arts and culture.
Establish partnerships with local & central government, communities and businesses to support the (i) districts effected by the Earthquake to “build back better” including leading to more resilient (including climate resilient) infrastructure and institutions; (ii) the most vulnerable recover their livelihoods and assets; and (iii) the Government of Nepal to plan for and manage the response to the earthquake.
To improve the health of women, children, the poor and socially excluded in Nepal, including by restoring health services in areas affected by the 2015 earthquake, and improving the quality and governance of health services nationwide.
This project will strengthen disaster resilience in Nepal, particularly to earthquakes, by working with urban centres to build and plan more safely; supporting the strengthening of critical public infrastructure to earthquakes; working to strengthen national capacity to respond to crises and ensure that the international community is prepared; and ensuring that the UK is able to support a humanitarian response should a crises hit.
To improve public financial management (PFM) and reduce opportunities for corruption in government service delivery sectors that matter the most for the poor in Nepal.
This will help Nepal to cope with impacts of climate change (CC) and promote clean development. It will provide strategic support to the Govt of Nepal to design and implement CC policies, to integrate resilience throughout government planning. This will:Improve resilience of 700,000 poor & vulnerable people (especially women) to floods, landslides, droughts in most remote districts;Improve resilience of businesses in 5 growing urban centres & 3 river basins through investments in urban planning, large scale irrigation systems & flood management;Facilitate connection of over 25,000 households to new micro-hydro power installations; connect over 70,000 homes to solar power & install RET in more than 200 schools/health clinics;Develop industry standard for ‘clean’ brick production and enable over half of the brick kilns (at least 400) to adopt more efficient technologies;Improve design of future CC programming & beyond through generation of world class evidence
Projects funded through Fleming Fund will benefit people in low- and middle-income countries, where the burden of drug resistant infection is greater.
1. Document political debates and the reformation of sociopolitical norms We will document and analyse the ways in which the powerful earthquakes that struck Nepal in April-May 2015 impacted upon the process of political and cultural change upon which the country had embarked seven years earlier, following the end of a ten-year civil war, the abolition of the 250-year old monarchy, and the election of a Constituent Assembly. The project will examine the contemporary discourse in the Nepali media and in cultural and literary production on the ongoing normative shifts that form a part of this process over a three-year period. The project will shed light on Nepali perceptions of the earthquakes' impact upon matters including, inter alia, national identity and sovereignty; perceptions of interventions by the neighbouring states and the international donor community; trust in the Nepali state and national politicians; the constitutional process, particularly the debates on federalism and citizenship; and inclusivity in political processes and the relief and reconstruction effort. The project will thus document the evolution of a Nepali collective memory of this natural disaster. 2. Analyse the setting of cultural and political priorities for heritage reconstruction We will investigate the ways in which priorities are set for the reconstruction of Nepal's tangible cultural heritage, much of which was destroyed or severely damaged by the earthquakes. The analysis will explore how agents such as religious practitioners, community groups, elites, external donors and heritage experts negotiate priorities in reconstruction. The project will identify and analyse convergences and disjunctures between competing vernacular conversations, asking how far the selection and prioritisation of sites and buildings for restoration is being driven by what is held locally to be most 'dear' (Simpson 2013: 53). It will examine negotiations and disagreements between internal and international participants over authenticity (memory, documentation), and originality (materials, techniques), over practicality (high tech earthquake proofing, altered location), ritual priority (whose practice?) and attributed value (listed heritage sites). Documenting these discourses will allow a broader understanding of the much acclaimed 'living heritage' of Nepal. 3. Consider historical precedents and parallels Drawing upon both unpublished archive materials and published accounts in both English and Nepali, the project will draw historical comparisons between the sociocultural and political impact of the 2015 quakes and those of other major quakes that have struck Nepal, especially those of 1833 and 1934. The research will examine the cultural politics of reconstruction following these earlier quakes, specifically in Kathmandu. How did different class, ethnic, religious, and political interests conflict and coalesce to, in some cases, recreate and, in other cases, reimagine the city? To take just one example: following the devastating 1934 quake, parts of Kathmandu, especially its religious monuments, were faithfully recreated. But Nepal's Rana rulers also used the catastrophe as an opportunity to drive a wide modern avenue through the rubble of what had been densely-packed Newar communities. Lined with modern administrative and commercial structures, the new road was a total departure from the character of the earlier city. But we know nothing about how the reconstruction plan was conceived, with whose support and whose opposition, and with what political or ideological intent. Understanding these and other historical processes will set current debates in important historical context.
This programme will work with local and national political groups, civil society, human rights organisations and the media in order to build Nepalese capacity to resolve local conflicts and support marginalised communities.
Illegal wildlife trade (IWT) is the fifth most lucrative transnational crime, worth up to £17bn a year globally. As well as threatening species with extinction, IWT destroys vital ecosystems. IWT also fosters corruption, feeds insecurity, and undermines good governance and the rule of law. The UK government is committed to tackling illegal trade of wildlife products. Defra manages the Illegal Wildlife Trade Challenge Fund, which is a competitive grants scheme with the objective of tackling illegal wildlife trade and, in doing so, contributing to sustainable development in developing countries. Projects funded under the Illegal Wildlife Trade Challenge Fund address one, or more, of the following themes: • Developing sustainable livelihoods to benefit people directly affected by IWT • Strengthening law enforcement • Ensuring effective legal frameworks • Reducing demand for IWT products Over £23 million has been committed to 75 projects since the Illegal Wildlife Trade Challenge Fund was established in 2013; five projects were awarded in 2014 (via applications to the Darwin Initiative), fourteen in 2015, fifteen in 2016, thirteen in 2017, fourteen in 2018 and in the latest round in 2019. This round of funding includes the following projects (details of which can be found at https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/811381/iwt-project-list-2019.pdf). The projects that a relevant for this area are IWT035 to IWT047.
The main objective of SAFER is to tackle global development challenges in Nepal through engineering research for Sustainable infrastructure and Disaster Resilience through a multi-disciplinary consortium of geotechnical and structural engineers, engineering seismologists, ICT experts, earth scientists from academia, social scientists, policy makers financial experts, and humanitarian aid stakeholders. This is achieved by targeting the following objectives: (a) building upon the existing data, processes and strategies to develop a holistic framework, in collaboration with key international partners and local stakeholders for improving the seismic resilience of educational communities. (b) developing an innovative, low-cost, sustainable, locally sourced technique for construction of new school buildings and co-produce low-cost/high-performance retrofit schemes. (c) making use of two world class test facilities in the UK (at the Universities of Bristol and Southampton) to provide experimental justification for the current construction practices. (d) integrating the existing data, advanced methodologies into an easy to use mobile system for the stakeholders. (e) condensing the new knowledge into guidelines for local engineers and stakeholders. (f) organising an extensive scheme of interaction among the international consortium, the stakeholders, the engineering and educational communities to facilitate two-way knowledge transfer, enabling co-development of sustainable solutions that change the current state-of-practice in Nepal. Thus benefitting the people of Nepal. It is noted that the above objectives will be met by drawing upon existing collaborations, namely, the School Earthquake Safety Program (SESP) between the Department of Education, NSET, Arup International Development and the World Bank, the existing MoU between the Fuzhou, Roma Tre and Tribhuvan University, the long term collaboration between the Universities of Bristol and Southampton, the joint NSF-USAid program of California Institute of Technology and University Buffalo at SUNY in USA and the established cooperation of the latter with the University of Bristol. It is also linking together three existing EPSRC Global Challenge Institutional Sponsorships to the University of Bristol focusing specifically Nepal.