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Darwin Initiative Round 24

Department for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs

The Darwin Initiative is a UK government grants scheme that helps to protect biodiversity and the natural environment through locally based projects worldwide. The initiative funds projects that help countries rich in biodiversity but poor in financial resources to meet their objectives under one or more of the biodiversity conventions. The objective is to to address threats to biodiversity such as: - habitat loss or degradation - climate change - invasive species - over-exploitation - pollution and eutrophication

Programme Id GB-GOV-7-DAR24
Start date 2018-4-1
Status Implementation
Total budget £10,604,188

Illegal Wildlife Trade Challenge Fund Round 5

Department for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs

Illegal wildlife trade (IWT) is the fifth most lucrative transnational crime, worth up to £17bn a year globally. As well as threatening species with extinction, IWT destroys vital ecosystems. IWT also fosters corruption, feeds insecurity, and undermines good governance and the rule of law. The UK government is committed to tackling illegal trade of wildlife products. Defra manages the Illegal Wildlife Trade Challenge Fund, which is a competitive grants scheme with the objective of tackling illegal wildlife trade and, in doing so, contributing to sustainable development in developing countries. Projects funded under the Illegal Wildlife Trade Challenge Fund address one, or more, of the following themes: • Developing sustainable livelihoods to benefit people directly affected by IWT • Strengthening law enforcement • Ensuring effective legal frameworks • Reducing demand for IWT products Over £23 million has been committed to 75 projects since the Illegal Wildlife Trade Challenge Fund was established in 2013; five projects were awarded in 2014 (via applications to the Darwin Initiative), fourteen in 2015, fifteen in 2016, thirteen in 2017, fourteen in 2018 and in the latest round in 2019. This round of funding includes the following projects (details of which can be found at https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/811381/iwt-project-list-2019.pdf)): IWT062, IWT063, IWT064, IWT065, IWT066, IWT067, IWT068, IWT069, IWT070, IWT071, IWT072, IWT073, IWT074, IWT075.

Programme Id GB-GOV-7-IWTCF-R5
Start date 2019-4-1
Status Implementation
Total budget £4,588,554

SFC - GCRF QR funding

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

Formula GCRF funding to the Scottish Funding Council to support Scottish higher education institutes (HEIs) to carry out ODA-eligible activities in line with their three-year institutional strategies. ODA research grants do not represent the full economic cost of research and therefore additional funding is provided to Scottish HEIs in proportion to their Research Excellence Grant (REG). In FY19/20 funding was allocated to 18 Scottish higher education institutes to support existing ODA grant funding and small projects. GCRF has now supported more than 800 projects at Scottish institutions, involving over 80 developing country partners.

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-GCRF-BF-7TNK9LD-GBYPTX3
Start date 2018-1-1
Status Implementation
Total budget £25,042,247

Global Challenges Research Fund Evaluation

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

The overall purpose of the GCRF evaluation is to assess the extent to which GCRF has achieved its objectives and contributed to its intended impacts.

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-GCRF-BF-7TNK9LD-NLFLATK
Start date 2018-1-1
Status Implementation
Total budget £2,037,877.49

HEFCW - GCRF QR funding

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

Additional GCRF funding to the Higher Education Funding Council for Wales to support Welsh higher education institutes (HEIs) to carry out ODA-eligible activities in line with their institutional strategies. ODA research grants do not represent the full economic cost of research and therefore additional funding is provided to Welsh HEIs in line with their research council grant income. In FY19/20 funding was allocated to Aberystwyth University, Bangor University, Cardiff University and Swansea University. In FY19/20, the funding was used to fund: the full economic cost of existing ODA eligible activities (e.g. already funded by GCRF); small ODA-eligible projects; fellowships to ODA-eligible researchers; and to increase collaboration and impact. 53 ODA-eligible countries have been reported as benefiting from the funded work, with Brazil and India the most frequently mentioned. By region, the largest number of projects were based in the LDC’s (Least Developed Countries) in Asia, South America, and East Africa, with only a few projects in the middle-income countries such as Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Georgia.

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-GCRF-BF-7TNK9LD-JQSCSMF
Start date 2018-1-1
Status Implementation
Total budget £5,346,367

ODA BEIS analysts - cross-cutting for both ODA funds

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

ODA BEIS analysts. For the monitoring and evaluation and learning for NF and GCRF

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-GCRF-BF-7TNK9LD-6HMS4XB
Start date 2018-1-1
Status Implementation
Total budget £297,427.59

Transformation Project - ODA Reporting Tool (ODART)

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

The Reporting ODA Digital Service (RODA) is the data submission, processing, reporting repository system for data on BEIS R&I ODA Eligible Programmes delivered by Delivery Partners

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-GCRF-BF-7TNK9LD-CJV6BWG
Start date 2018-1-1
Status Implementation
Total budget £3,379,378.18

UUKi Delivery Support

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

These are delivery cost for shared learning workshops/training and best practice (for current and future applicants) on ODA assurance, eligibility, reporting and partnership working through either the NF and GCRF

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-GCRF-BF-7TNK9LD-YNLLBYF
Start date 2018-1-1
Status Implementation
Total budget £242,914

ODA website - cross-cutting for both ODA funds

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

This is the website for NF and GCRF consortia that promotes funding calls and impact case studies as well as publishing report such as the annual report and monitoring and evaluation documentation.

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-GCRF-BF-7TNK9LD-GL66264
Start date 2018-1-1
Status Implementation
Total budget £13,235

Ad-hoc GCRF activity on BEIS Finance system

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

Increased contributions towards a range of research projects jointly funded with DFID, and funding for the Devolved Administrations for disbursement to universities within the devolved regions to fund the full economic cost of GCRF ODA research.

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-GCRF-BF-7TNK9LD-MGTU53A
Start date 2018-1-1
Status Implementation
Total budget £69,750

DfE NI - GCRF QR funding

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

Grant to Department for the Economy, Northern Ireland to enable Northern Irish higher education institutes to carry out pre-agreed ODA-eligible activities in line with their institutional strategies. For Queen’s University Belfast in FY2019/20 this included: workshops in Cambodia, Vietnam, South Africa, and Uganda about health and education; 11 pilot projects spanning 16 eligible countries (Angola, Burundi, China, Colombia, Ghana, India, Kenya, Kosovo, Malaysia, Nigeria, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam and Zimbabwe); and additional support to GCRF and NF-funded activities. For Ulster University in FY2019/20 funding supported six pump-priming projects on: LMIC maternal, neonatal and child health; PTSD in Rwanda; Decision-Making in Policy Making in Africa and Central Asia; and hearing impairment and dementia in China.

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-GCRF-BF-7TNK9LD-UBSPZA4
Start date 2018-1-1
Status Implementation
Total budget £1,926,852.50

AMS Coherence and Impact - Global Health Policy Workshops

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

Researchers play an important role in driving sustainable impacts on health and welfare by participating in policy development. In many LMICs, poverty correlates with poor health; we are working with partners in LMICs to convene researchers and stakeholders to generate independent, expert health policy advice, based on evidence from research.

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-GCRF-CImGHPW
Start date 2019-1-1
Status Implementation
Total budget £510,515

Core - International Collaboration Awards

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

International Collaboration Awards enable outstanding researchers in the UK to partner with the best research groups in developing countries on projects that address issues faced by developing countries.

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-RS-GCRF-07
Start date 2016-10-1
Status Implementation
Total budget £14,996,913

Partnership Programme for Capacity Building Centre of Excellence in Good Governance (CoE in Good Governance)- invite only 2

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

A crisis of governance which has emerged as a result of the extreme centralization of power, weak institutions and failure to institutionalise the responsible use of power is a key challenge in the Horn of Africa region. This research project will investigate the promises and pitfalls of federalism and devolution in the respective countries with a view to proposing concrete policy alternatives. The project will examine the institutional design mechanisms that help address the crisis of governance in the region and ensure unity but at the same also provide political space for sub-state elements. It will analyse the impact of devolution and federalism in a context of weak institutions and proposes areas for reform that assist in strengthening institutions and facilitate the process of devolution and federalism. Addressing the crisis of governance through federalism, devolution and inclusive political institutions as well as ensuring the institutionalization of power through strengthening the rule of law has the potential to make the government more accountable and able to deliver critical services. Such systems ensure relative stability and peace and reduce the risks of state fragmentation. Key research questions target the countries in the Horn of Africa region (Ethiopia, South Africa, South Sudan, Somalia), and the research will draw relevant lessons from countries in Africa (such as South Africa) and Europe (UK). Key experts from partner institutions have been chosen for their key skills and research excellence in this area, as well as their ability to address the research themes and engage with key leaders, political actors, civil society groups, women, members of parliament and other sections of society in each country. During the course of the research and while conducting the primary data through focus groups, key stake holder consultations and roundtables, gender equality will be ensured by all researchers. During the process of research key experts will engage with major stake holders in each country in four high level round tables and dialogues with political party leaders, academics, youth, women and civil society to gather relevant data on the state of governance. Based on the research outputs and existing knowledge, three rounds of short trainings (105 trainees in total) will be provided to relevant stake holders (parliaments, leaders, political parties, civil society groups, youth, women) in each country to disseminate the findings and create impact on actors and institutions. Four Policy briefs from each research theme will be prepared to guide the direction of reform in the system of governance in each country. Dialogue among leaders, political parties and civil society groups in each country will be the means to get policy buy in. Key experts will be commissioned to deliver key notes and summary of the policy briefs during training and seminar events. The final outputs and policy briefs will be shared in a regional seminar and dialogue where major stake holders will attend and engage by way of dialogue in the outputs. Four journal articles will be published in reputable journals (Regional and Federal Studies, Journal of Gender Studies, African Affairs, International Journal of Constitutional Law). An edited book with all the contributions will be published towards the end of the project. Improved knowledge on inclusive governance system, built capacity of major stake holders and actors on inclusive governance modalities ensures peace, stability and enhances service delivery- a major problem in the Horn of Africa As part of building the capacity of the CoE and strengthening linkages with and cooperation between the CoE and partner institutions, professors from partner institutions will be hosted as visiting scholars to provide lectures and seminars in the CoE in Good Governance. There will be joint research including research exchanges, lectures and short term trainings.

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-FUND--GCRF-ES_T014946_1
Start date 2020-4-1
Status Implementation
Total budget £491,126.36

Transforming Education Systems for Sustainable Development (TES4SD) Network Plus

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

The Transforming Education Systems for Sustainable Development (TES4SD) Network Plus will develop sustainable institutional capacity in India, South Africa, Rwanda and Somalia to produce high quality research that will assist key stakeholders in these countries and at a regional and global scale to better understand how education systems can be transformed to support sustainable development. Countries in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa are facing unprecedented challenges in relation to sustainable development including poverty and inequality and managing the risks posed by climate change. The sustainable development goals (SDGs) represent a holistic response to these challenges. Education has enormous potential to act as a driver for sustainable development and the education SDG is centrally implicated in the realisation of all of the other SDGs. At present, however, education systems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are some way off achieving the education SDG (goal 4). Our vision, consistent with global, regional and national agendas, is for systems of life-long learning that can provide learners with the skills, competencies, values and transformative agency required to meet the challenges of environmentally sustainable and socially just development. The 'wicked problem' that education systems face in realising this vision is how to simultaneously address the current learning crisis in LMICs whilst transforming education systems to become drivers of SD. This challenge needs to be addressed simultaneously across all sectors of the education and training system and at the global, regional, national and local scales. Led by a world leading team containing relevant interdisciplinary and practical expertise, the TES4SD will assist in addressing this problem. Specifically, we will build sustainable research capacity in partner countries to undertake relevant research including early career researchers based in academic and non-academic organisations. The team will synthesise existing and emerging evidence on how schools can be transformed to address the learning crisis and to make them drivers of SD; how can technical and vocational education and training can be transformed to facilitate the development of green skills and to support youth agency in the transition to sustainable, healthy, lifestyles and in revitalising peaceful and democratic societies; and, how higher education institutions can be transformed to support processes of social learning within civil society and amongst policy-makers to address sustainability challenges in cities and rural communities. Questions at the system level include in what ways is Target 4.7 which relates to education for sustainable development understood and implemented and we will develop contextually relevant indicators to monitor progress towards SDG 4.7 at local, national and global levels. The TES4SD network plus will also commission new research based on knowledge co-production techniques to develop evidence and arguments urgently needed to transform education and training systems. Research questions will primarily focus on the sometimes-contradictory relationship between SDG4 and decent work and economic growth (SDG8); sustainable cities and communities (SDG11); responsible production and consumption (SDG12); and, climate action (SDG13). Strategies for developing impact will be embedded in TES4SD activities from inception including the active involvement of beneficiary groups including policy-makers, NGOs and CBOs in network plus research and capacity building activities; and, the strategic targeting of outputs including national and network wide synthesis reports, policy briefs, MOOCs, toolkits to support research capacity, teaching and learning materials for use in formal and informal settings. Dissemination of evidence to beneficiary groups will be facilitated by the creative use of social and other media and supported by a dedicated website. COVID-19

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-FUND--GCRF-ES_T002646_1
Start date 2019-11-1
Status Implementation
Total budget £4,825,103.46

Do neighbourhoods matter? Country- cluster- and individual effects on attitudes towards intimate partner violence in low- and middle-income countries

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

The study will address significant knowledge gaps in our understanding of women's and men's attitudes towards intimate partner violence against women (IPV) at the neighbourhood-level in 54 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) across Central-, East- and South Asia, the Pacific, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and North- and Sub-Saharan Africa.

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-OODA-ESRC-BK3MFHS-U7CVUPX-9WZY49F
Start date 2020-1-24
Status Implementation
Total budget £432,879.48

Harnessing the power of global data to support young children's learning and development: Analyses, dissemination and implementation

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

The 2017 Lancet Series, Advancing Early Childhood Development: From Science to Scale, estimated that 43% of children under 5 years in LMICs (250m children), were at risk of not reaching their potential because they had stunted linear growth or lived in extreme poverty. The proportion of children at risk increases appreciably when additional risk factors are considered, especially low maternal schooling and child maltreatment. Living in poor and unstimulating conditions affects young children's learning and development. Children exposed to poverty and adversity explore and learn less than children not exposed to these stresses; they learn less at school and achieve fewer school grades; earn less as adults; have more social problems, and poorer physical and mental health. We will study barriers and accelerators to learning in LMIC ECE programmes, at home and in communities, as well as associations between early learning and indicators of child development and school performance. We will estimate their longer-term effects on education and earnings in adulthood. We will use descriptive and statistical analyses of secondary data collected through representative country surveys and research studies. As an established group of multi-disciplinary and multi-country experts and collaborators, we build on prior success in sourcing and analysing data from 91 LMICs by including early education and expanding to 137 countries. Global data, presented along the continuum of the early years, breaks down the false dichotomy between ECD and ECE, between care and education, and between learning at home and in formal programmes, and supports multi-sectoral actions along different stages of the life-course. We will expand our global analyses of threats to ECD by examining gender, location and wealth, services and family supports for young children, and policies that create facilitating environments for families and children. We will, for the first time, link indicators of the structural quality of ECE (eg teacher-child ratios) to contexts and child outcomes in LMICs. Process quality (eg teacher- and caregiver-child interactions), on which there is as yet no global data, will be studied through case studies in 5 countries, one in each of five regions of the world. We will source data on government, development assistance and household expenditures on pre-primary education; extract further country micro-data on contexts in which young children develop and learn; update nationally representative data on young children, services and policies to the most recent survey dates available, and develop new composite indicators of barriers and accelerators of young children's learning and development. Through partnerships with regional networks of ECD-ECE government and stakeholder teams, the project will help to build research capacity in ECD-ECE, and increase the use of data for decision-making, action and monitoring in 20 countries. We will use the results to provide evidence-based support to engage international human rights law, especially the right to education and the rights of the child, in advancing progress towards achieving the SDG goals of universal access by 2030. This research will address the gap in the evidence base for a unified approach to ECD and ECE. The findings will support the development of the right to education by providing a holistic approach to guide early development and educational interventions. It will demonstrate the strength of interdisciplinary work in cross-fertilizing data analysis and legal research in building strong foundations for translation into policy and regulatory change. Given the evidence on the critical roles of ECD-ECE on learning and wellbeing in the short, medium and longer term, the project has important implications for development and welfare in countries on the DAC list. This large-scale global approach is critical to support and guide policy and investments.

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-FUND--GCRF-ES_T003936_1
Start date 2020-1-31
Status Implementation
Total budget £1,952,825.30

GCRF Accelerating Achievement for Africa's Adolescents Hub

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

In thirty years' time there will be half a billion adolescents in Africa. Like youth everywhere, they possess huge potential to thrive. But more than half are trapped in cycles of poor nutrition, poverty, low education, violence and unemployment. They also have the world's highest rates of early fertility, with adverse long-term outcomes for adolescent parents and their children. Such inter-generational disadvantage creates risks not only in the region but also to global stability. The SDGs and African Union's Agenda 2063 challenge us to take a radical new approach. The UK's Global Challenges Research Fund provides a unique opportunity to do this. The Accelerating Advantage Hub will find the combinations of services with the greatest positive impacts for Africa's adolescents and their children. We need to move beyond services focused on single outcomes, towards 'super-accelerator' impacts across multiple SDGs of health, education, violence prevention, gender equality and economic stability. With our government partners we will test combination services - for example of cash transfers, malaria prophylaxis, parenting programs, business skills and violence prevention - to identify the leanest and most effective policy packages. The Hub has been planned with African governments and international agencies including the UN Development Program, African Union, UNICEF and the World Health Organisation. They have told us that 'evidence as usual' is not enough. When we make a personal investment, like buying a computer, we want to know not only whether it is the most efficient, but also whether it is good value for money and whether we will like to use it. Governments need the same information about services: their effectiveness, their cost-effectiveness, whether they can be delivered through existing health, education and welfare systems, and whether they will be accepted by service providers and by adolescents. The Hub will conduct large-scale studies and use existing data in Angola, Cote D'Ivoire, DRC, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia & Zimbabwe. All projects will include cost-effectiveness to assist budget decisions. In short, we will provide African policy-makers with the evidence they need and want to do the best for adolescents. The Hub will also train and support frontline workers to improve services for adolescents across Africa. We will turn evidence into training modules, freely accessible manuals and support materials. We will deliver practitioner training in 34 African countries by working with NGO partners selected for wide regional coverage, for example Paediatric Adolescent Treatment for Africa, the International Rescue Committee, Clowns without Borders and the International AIDS Alliance. Skills-building for young researchers in Africa and the UK is built into the Hub's work. We will support 45 promising young academics and dedicated African policymakers to focus their careers on improving the lives of adolescents and their children. The Hub's work is planned with adolescents themselves. Too many services have failed because they do not appeal to teenagers' aspirations and immediate goals. The Hub will work directly with adolescent advisory groups in Eastern, Western and Southern Africa to co-develop approaches that are not only effective, but also meaningful and fun for those who will use them. We aim to reach 20 million adolescents and their children with effective combinations of services to meet their needs. Between our direct countries of research and our NGO partners, the Hub will actively engage with policymakers, practitioners and adolescents across East, West, Southern and Central Africa and including fragile and war-torn states. We have a common goal: to transform the potential of Africa's adolescents into a thriving future for the continent.

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-FUND--GCRF-ES_S008101_1
Start date 2019-2-13
Status Implementation
Total budget £18,531,197.07

Mechanisms by which African trypanosomes sense and respond to iron availability in the mammalian host

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

African trypanosomes are parasites transmitted by tstse fly bites which cause a disease in farm animals and humans in sub Saharan Africa. This project aims to improve our understanding of the fundamental biology of African trypanosome parasites that cause disease in economically important farm animals and humans in sub-Saharan Africa.

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-OODA-BBSRC-QK9NV7V-959SFZD-PTB9TGW
Start date 2017-3-1
Status Implementation
Total budget £405,304.78

OODA GCRF and Newton Consolidation Accounts University of Edinburgh

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

The GNCAs represent an additional allocation from BEIS designed to reinvest in excellent UKRI Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) and Newton Fund programmes and enable them to maximise development impact. This involves instances where funding can be utilized to 9 original grant objectives affected by the ODA review, or opportunities for new follow-on, knowledge exchange or impact activities. In either case, the funding is targeted to support research along the route to achieving economic or social impact in countries on the OECD DAC list.

Programme Id GB-GOV-13-OODA-UKRI-RYHPP58-GX4VQC3-79JJ9FN
Start date 2022-4-1
Status Implementation
Total budget £150,000