Search Results for: "University of Cape Town"
AERAS PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIP PROGRAMME 2013 TO 2018: NEW VACCINES FOR TUBERCULOSIS
The Transforming Energy Access programme is leading development of innovative technologies, business models, partnerships and skills that will accelerate access to affordable, clean energy services for households and enterprises in developing countries.
Private Enterprise Development in Low-Income Countries (PEDL) is a joint research initiative of the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) and the Department For International Development (DFID). It offers a competitive research grants scheme for projects related to the behaviour of firms in Low-Income Countries (LICs) that aim to better understand what determines the strength of market forces driving efficiency in these countries. It will pursue a research agenda focusing on private-sector development. Existing research suggests that the private sector in these countries faces a multitude of constraints. These constraints interact with one another. For example, the strategic interaction of firms with market power will be affected by the regulatory regime governing both new entrants and incumbent firms. What is needed is research which allows us to understand how these constraints interact. PEDL will pursue a range of approaches that promise to produce credible research results that will be useful for policy-making, supporting research related to private enterprises of all sizes, initially focused on four themes: modelling market frictions in LICs using newly available data, understanding how constraints interact using micro-founded macro models, the dynamics of SMEs - informality and entrepreneurship and the role of export-oriented industries in driving growth. PEDL offers a mixture of substantial research grants and smaller “Exploratory” grants. Grants will be awarded on a competitive basis, with applications solicited from researchers throughout the world.
The Darwin Initiative is a UK government grants scheme that helps to protect biodiversity and the natural environment through locally based projects worldwide. The initiative funds projects that help countries rich in biodiversity but poor in financial resources to meet their objectives under one or more of the biodiversity conventions. The objective is to to address threats to biodiversity such as: - habitat loss or degradation - climate change - invasive species - over-exploitation - pollution and eutrophication.
The Crick African Network will establish a UK-Africa collaboration to advance high-level capacity for research in poverty-related infectious diseases. The network will formally link the Francis Crick Institute (Crick) in the UK with a select group of African-based research organisations, with emphasis on an African Career Accelerator programme that will deliver an internationally connected and well-supported cadre of research professionals to increase human capacity in African centres of research excellence. We will strengthen existing, and develop new, collaborations between the Crick and African institutions via an intermediate-level investigator-driven network that will: 1. Offer advanced training opportunities at Crick for African postdoctoral scientists, then help re-establish them at their African institutions 2. Provide access to state-of-the-art Crick Science Technology Platform facilities and expertise 3. Host an introductory workshop in each African location followed by annual scientific meetings to grow exchange and collaboration 4. Establish Crick-African co-mentorship of these future leaders to contribute to sustainability. This will deliver: 1. A cadre of highly trained, internationally and locally-networked future African research leaders in the infectious diseases of poverty 2. A UK-African network of centres of excellence in biomedical research positioned to respond to pressing needs within Africa, and with a global footprint 3. Enhanced collaborations that will bring world-class basic science to bear on poverty-related health challenges affecting the welfare and economic development of the continent. Our ultimate goal is to reduce the burden of poverty-related infectious disease via the development of scientific leaders and research capacity and thereby improve the health and welfare of the people of Africa and beyond.
The TEA-LP is supporting 8 universities across Africa to develop new postgraduate curricula for the energy access sector. Curricula vary, in discipline and content, across universities, aiming to respond to the market needs of this rapidly growing sector in their respective countries. In addition to developing new curricula, the TEA-LP is also working to support prospective students with bursaries.
IRIS-Fire aims to develop new methods and tools required to evaluate and model the fire risks within South African informal settlements of the Western Cape so that situationally appropriate and cost-effective solutions and strategies can be suggested to improve the resilience of South African informal settlement communities against large-scale conflagrations. The research will examine the hypothesis that fire spread in informal settlements is similar to that in wildland forest fires, and so the techniques used to manage and understand such fires could be used interchangeably. To achieve the aim of the project and examine its hypothesis, the below objectives have been identified: *Create a best practice resilience based technical guideline for improving informal settlements based on workshops with stakeholders and evidenced based research delivered within this research proposal; *Perform unique single and multiple (2-3 shacks) real-scale shack fire experiments within the UK to quantify the parameters required for simulation *Perform unique large area outdoor real-scale shack tests in South Africa to provide fire spread data and quantify the effects of wind and weather on fire spread as input data for modelling large-scale conflagrations. *Model the range of fire tests using a combination of existing computational fluid dynamic simulators (e.g. fire dynamic simulator) to assess our model assumptions *Develop new sub-models pertaining to informal settlement fires based on the quantified characterisations and validation data from experimental programs. *Produce a framework and risk-mapping concept procedure for informal settlements and apply to the informal settlements of the Western Cape. *Deliver capacity building and knowledge transfer workshops and CPD events to a range of audiences including forensic analysis of informal settlement fires *Perform ground surveys of 1000 shacks across different informal settlements to enhance current data on their stochastic topology.
The PEER Network aims to develop a critical and locally grounded approach to Political Economy Analysis (PEA) of Education that will help national, regional and global level policymakers and practitioners make socially just decisions about investments in education that benefit children in contexts of conflict and crisis. The three-year initiative has the following objectives: 1. To establish two regional hubs of PEA expertise across conflict affected countries in Central Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa 2. To develop 3 Challenge Papers to provide intellectual leadership and set the research development agenda 3. To produce 2 Regional Reviews to assess the extent of, and synthesise findings from existing political PEA of education 4. To engage with at least 40 policymakers, practitioners and academics from conflict affected countries to develop PEA tools and expertise through task-based workshops and online support 5. To commission at least 20 PEA research studies (£800,000 in total) to create locally owned knowledge bases 6. To develop an online Community of Practice in collaboration with INEE to promote free access and use of PEA resources 7. To support a new generation of early career researchers to undertake PEA of education systems in their own contexts 8. To use existing international networks and targeted events to influence change in global practice in PEA
The project will draw on the strong partnerships already established between ODA research teams in Brazil (International Centre for Research and Policy on Childhood at PUC-RIO), Eswatini (University of Eswatini), South Africa (Children's Institute, University of Cape Town) and the West Bank & Gaza (University of Bethlehem), with the University of Edinburgh. The ODA research teams have worked with their country stakeholders, to articulate what is needed for the project's research aim and design. The project will make fundamental contributions to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) in Brazil, Eswatini, South Africa and the West Bank & Gaza: in early childhood education (target 4.2), as well as assisting with the creation of safe, inclusive learning environments (target 4.a) and preventing violence against children (target 16.2). In particular, the project aims to: 1. Explore, develop and critically consider the conceptual and application of inclusive participative pedagogy in early childhood education (ECE), particularly in fragile settings 2. Support in-depth engagement of community and national stakeholders, in each ODA partner country, so as to improve ECE in their contexts, in order to promote economic development and welfare within each country 3. To share and develop the learning within and from the project, to support cross-national ECE development and capacity building methodologically and substantively, and thus becoming a focal point for ECE research in this important area of developing sustainable, quality and inclusive ECE To realise these aims the project will: - For the first time, to bring together the necessary disciplines and associated research skills in early childhood pedagogy, violence prevention, participative methodologies and co-production to explore the potential of inclusive participative pedagogy as a new and challenging concept for ECE - Use advanced and tested mixed methods to provide a sound evidence base within each ODA partner country: for national and community-based policy, system and related statistical analysis; for in-depth community-based work to develop the concept and application of inclusive participative pedagogy in particular fragile contexts of violence, inequality and/or poverty. - To ask whether there is an economic case for inclusive participative pedagogy, and if so what are the relevant components and the short- and long-term costs and benefits. - Develop participative methodologies and co-design methods for engaging with young children, their families and stakeholders, which take account of different contexts. This will be done both within communities and - ambitiously - once community groups are well established, cross-nationally so as to advise the project as a whole. - Draw on the skills and experience across the 5 country project team, to ensure capacity-building across the team (e.g. skills training: participative methodologies, quantitative research; mentor early career researchers to develop management and leadership experience) and to expand out to share these more broadly through local training and winter/ summer schools. - Invest in a substantial strategy of knowledge exchange. Effective knowledge exchange is essential locally in the case study communities and nationally in the ODA partner countries. This includes resource development (e.g. training modules for ECE, skills training in participative methodologies and quantitative analysis of administrative data), targeted briefings and media to stakeholder audiences, and direct engagement with key decision-makers and other stakeholders. The learning will be shared with other ODA contexts, to expand and develop the project's overall impact
Youth engagement and skills acquisition within Africa's transport sector: promoting a gender agenda towards transitions into meaningful workUK - Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
1. The main project objective is to help disadvantaged girls and young women improve their skills in engaging with Africa's transport sector (whether as users or workers/employees) and thus expand their opportunities for accessing meaningful work. The proposal is set within the specific context of Africa's highly gendered transport and travel arena. Development strategies emphasise the importance of recruiting young women as active labour force participants, requiring them to be increasingly spatially mobile. However, women are discriminated against, both regarding access and use of transport (which affects their access to education, skills acquisition and employment in all sectors) and with reference to employment within the transport sector itself. Women need to start acquiring relevant skills at a young age, if they are to break through such barriers and contribute to reformulating policy prescriptions through pressures 'from below'. Through research in peripheral areas of three diverse African cities, Abuja, Cape Town and Tunis, where girls'/women's experiences in the transport sector have often been profoundly discouraging, we seek to understand the nature and scale of gender inequalities shaped by transport sector practices and the implications for young women's skills acquisition and employment prospects (within and beyond the transport sector). We will then pilot sets of interventions that address them. 2. This requires a cross-cutting, 3-strand interdisciplinary approach: a) The Employment strand, comprising research into learning how to improve young women's access to skills (e.g. commercial driving, vehicle repair/maintenance) that can enable them to obtain meaningful employment in the transport sector. b) The User Strand, comprising research into improving girls'/young women's use of transport for travel to access training programmes/employment. It will explore how young women's physical access to meaningful work and associated skills building is shaped by their travel potential and access to transport (especially re travel safety and security in low income areas) and what key skills they need to travel safely to work/training opportunities (whether as pedestrians, as cyclists, or when negotiating public transport). It will then explore how appropriate safe travel skills training can best be provided. c) The Action Research Strand will build on User and Employment Strands findings. With NGO support it will pilot transport-related skills training activities for women relevant to each of those strands, to improve their access to employment [both directly, through transport-employment skills, and indirectly, through travel safety skills that will enable them to travel to diverse employment opportunities]. 3. Intensive, sustained engagement with communities, local and central government (transport, labour, education, women's affairs), transport unions, NGOs, private sector (transport and mobile phone network providers), is essential to aid understanding of wider political, economic and social constraints and opportunities in Nigeria, S.African and Tunisia. Country Consultative Groups, set up with representatives of these diverse interests, will meet 6-monthly to promote engagement with the research design and aid analysis, intervention and dissemination activities. 4. Participatory approaches employed throughout, to ensure young people's voices are heard/acted upon. A small group of young women in each country will be trained as community co-investigators to help establish key research questions through peer interviews (Porter 2016). Other participatory work includes in-depth (including mobile) interviews and participant photography. 5. Academic capacity building through mentoring of an early career researcher by a senior academic in each country. 6. Wide dissemination of findings at local, national and international level (to government, private sector, NGOs, academia)
1. Investigate to what extent institutional, legal and regulatory contexts enable the sustainability of CBS business models. 2. Determine if the designs of CBS services are inclusive or increase disparities within and between vulnerable groups and individuals? 3. Measure how off-grid services like CBS impact the mental well-being of users. 4. Understand how CBS links with other urban services, e.g. water, food and solid waste, and the interactions between them. 5. Build a model for the improvement of other non-sanitation services to cities' most marginalised populations?
Optimizing health systems to improve delivery of decentralized care for patients with drug resistant tuberculosisUK - Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
The aim of the project is to identify opportunities for feasible, short to medium term interventions to improve decentralization of services for patients with drug-resistant TB (DR-TB) in South Africa. South Africa has a high DR-TB burden with more than 26,000 cases of rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) reported in 2013. However, only 42% of these patients were reported to have initiated second-line treatment. South Africa moved towards a policy of decentralized treatment provision in 2011, recognizing that centralised care, with lengthy inpatient treatment for all diagnosed patients, would be unable to meet the demand for treatment. There is considerable diversity in the extent and type of decentralization of care for DR-TB across health districts in South Africa - and substantial variation in the performance of the DR-TB program in relation to key measures of success such as linkage to appropriate care and treatment outcome. We hypothesize that the successful implementation of an appropriate model of decentralized care for DR-TB is associated with positive patient pathways to care (in terms of equity, access to and quality of care) and good patient outcomes. We therefore wish to (i) characterise features of decentralized care that are associated with positive pathways and outcomes for patients and (ii) determine health systems constraints and enablers for the successful implementation of decentralized care for DR-TB patients in South Africa. Objectives: 1. Characterise and clarify relevant health systems features pertaining to existing policy on decentralized care for DR-TB in South Africa. This would include aspects of: organizational structure, referral systems, integration with drug-susceptible and HIV services, financing mechanisms, human resources, infrastructure, accountability mechanisms and information systems. 2. Identify those features or types of decentralized care that are associated with (i) positive patient pathways to care, including measures of access (proportion of patients accessing care) and equity (profile of patients accessing care) and (ii) outcomes, including measures of quality of care (e.g., time to treatment and treatment success). 3. Understand the health systems context and mechanisms through which implementation of decentralized care enhances (or negatively impacts) patient pathways to care and outcomes. 4. Identify strategies, innovations and action areas to support health systems in health districts and facilities, in the short to medium term, in implementing optimal context-specific decentralized care for DR-TB.
Water and Fire: Enhancing capacity and reducing risk through 15 'Best Bets' for transformative adaptation with vulnerable residents on the Cape FlatsUK - Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
The proposed research aims to directly address the disaster risk challenges of three interrelated environmental hazards related to water and fire in marginalised SA communities by testing new methods of complementary democratic and creative engagement to advocate community-driven solutions and resilience action in response to such disasters. A key aim is to bring together principles of disaster risk management, [identifying, analysing, evaluating, treating and monitoring risk (EU Science Hub 2019)], with democratically-oriented prioritisation of disaster risk reduction (UNISDR Sendai Framework) at local level, [reducing mortality, economic loss, and the number of affected people], while developing disaster risk strategies and sharing information through a community-driven coproduced process, thus directly addressing UN SDGs [1, 3, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16 and 17]. By engaging themes of water and fire, the project objectives are to work with and alongside residents: 1) To address three environmental hazards affecting three marginalised township communities on the Cape Flats of SA, with the aim of enhancing local capacity to reduce disaster risks; 2) To improve the wellbeing, resilience and livelihoods of 3 severely disaster-affected communities; 2) To create alternative development pathways for sustainability by mobilising local knowledges and multi-literacies, and by engaging indigenous processes for democratic participation and dialogue in disaster risk reduction within marginalised communities; 2) To engage community-driven coproduced and creative processes to share information and build strategic resilience action on disaster risk reduction within affected communities; 2) To build an equitable framework for policy development and practice based on democratic, mediating systems that foster trust and cooperation between state, civil society, and affected residents 3) Through sharing information and processes from research activities, to increase local capacity in other similarly affected urban communities on the Cape Flats and SA, and raise potential for scaled-up impact beyond the affected communities themselves to provincial, national and international policy arenas that value decision-making by the communities most at risk to environmental hazards; 4) To support strategic partnership building between the University of Stirling (UoS) team, the Sustainable Livelihoods Foundation (Cape Town research NGO), the Universities of Cape Town (UCT) and Western Cape (UWC), and participating residents of Delft South, Overcome Heights, and Sweet Home Farm on the Cape Flats, to collaboratively develop disaster risk reduction solutions to water and fire hazards faced by their and other Cape Flats communities; and to capacity-build three postdoctoral scholars in sustainable development areas related to project research interventions. Through the systematic co-development of a set of resilience actions, this project will directly benefit affected communities in their efforts to mitigate disaster risks and achieve sustainable livelihoods. These resilience actions include collaborative partnership to: 1) Assemble local knowledge and indigenous perspectives drawn from affected residents' on-the-ground, lived experiences and individual/collective actions to mitigate risks; 2) Engage indigenous democratic processes and creative interventions to mobilise local knowledge towards proactive responses to disaster risks affecting these marginalised communities; 3) Mobilise local knowledge to codevelop a set of agreed 15 "Best Bets" as shared, practical, collective and individual actions to help reduce disaster risks for affected communities; 4) Develop these 15 "Best Bets" into community-driven policy strategy for disaster risk reduction; 5) Create a democratic, 'mediating system' framework for codeveloping policy strategies and community resilience actions to reduce disaster risks in affected communities.
PARTNERSHIP, RESEARCH AND CAPACITY-BUILDING FOR YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT SOLUTIONS IN AFRICA (PRAC 4 YUSA)UK - Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
i) To build significant research capacity across African universities on youth unemployment and skills development in African countries, starting with universities in: Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Egypt, Senegal and South Africa towards to aid the smooth realization of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG); ii) Provide sponsorship and academic training for 7 doctoral students and 6 post-doctoral fellows and 15 faculty members distributed across African universities for capacity building to carry out research on skills development for reducing youth unemployment in Africa; iii) Create a one high-performing hub that has the capacity to raise external funds, form partnerships, explore entrepreneurial activities, attract excellent mentors worldwide, and anchor a research network across African universities towards youth skills' development to overcome unemployment and achieve the SDGs; iv) Engage Mobility program for 7 doctoral students and 6 postdoctoral fellow to allow cross fertilization of research knowledge across the participating universities as well as international exposure from our UK partner universities; v) Hold annual international conferences, workshops and training attended by not less than 200 participants every year for the duration of the program; vi) International Placement of 6 Hub and Spoke Team Leads for experiential learning in mentor universities (especially Lancaster University & University of Strathclyde) that have been highlighted as a "National Exemplar" for their experience and effectiveness working with SME business by the UK Government for the purpose of replicating same success in Africa. vii) Promote gender entrepreneurship research capable of identifying the impact of female youth unemployment by working with relevant stakeholders to create interventions possible to alleviate this menace; viii) Develop into a research Lab that trains and mentors young academics from the six African countries to define problems, set objectives and priorities, conduct sound research, and identify solutions to high youth unemployment in Africa as well as work ix) Entrepreneurship & Innovation Challenge (Youth HACKATHON Competition) experimental project to train not less than 120 selected youth annually in a competition that will develop skills and produce proud winners that have achieved self-reliance problem solving skills. x) Develop and disseminate models, local best practices and reliable digital databases that can be applied to design and implement policies, strategies and programs to reduce youth unemployment in Africa; and shares the reports produced and the digital data that is used and created by the project with all stakeholders.
1. To establish & develop the ARUA Water CoE as an effective, high-performance, research hub &nodes (spokes) network of African researchers & post graduate students. The CoE will develop strong interlinking relationships through co-learning and capability development across the research strengths of hydrology, environmental water quality (pollution), aquatic ecological infrastructure (ecosystems), and water in landscapes and cities. The CoE will use a transdisciplinary and systemic approach to discipline-integration,in addressing African water -related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). 2. To establish a common intellectual grounding & post graduate supervision capabilities in complex social ecological systems and transdisciplinarity, resulting in a confident praxis within sustainability & resilience science. The CoE Hub will offer a 4-day core course attended by 3 delegates from each node, to establish a common integrating philosophy and methodology. Follow-up support will use distance learning technologies. 3. To recognise the primary and secondary research strength/sat each node, and to ensure that each node has: i) identified established, mid- and at least 2 early career researchers, ii) fostered mentorship of early career researchers & co-supervision of at least 3 post-graduate students. 4. To locate the primary and secondary research strengths in relation to the SDGs; and to identify and agree on co-learning collaborations best suited to build research capacity across the CoE. Primary research strengths are: adaptive integrated water resources management (IWRM), including transdisciplinarity and water governance (Rhodes U, South Africa). Landscape restoration & catchment water use (Addis Ababa U, Ethiopia), hydrology for IWRM (U Dar es Salaam, Tanzania), ecological infrastructure &ecosystem services (Cheikh Anta Dio U, Senegal), irrigated agriculture (U Rwanda, Rwanda), urban water pollution (U Lagos, Nigeria), urban water quality design (U Cape Town, South Africa), & water in future cities (Makarere U, Uganda). Therefore, for example, Dar es Salaam U has primary research strength in Hydrology, and at least Rhodes U and Makarere U have hydrology as secondary strengths. These three nodes (and any other that identify hydrology as a secondary strength) will co-develop CoE research excellence, capacity and productivity in hydrology - and will collaborate in transdisciplinary activities. 5. To use the development of primary-strength courses as the core mechanism for knowledge sharing and research capability building. Each node will prepare and deliver a 4-day course in their primary area to 15 delegates from 2-5 other nodes. 6. To enable each node to invite/visit a relevant international specialist to engage with knowledge and skills transfer and the co-development of research grant proposals. 7. To use the co-development of knowledge among the nodes during and between courses to submit at least 3 research grant proposals over the 3 years. 8. To ensure each post graduate student presents published work at one local conference, and each node to have published at least 3 papers. 9. To have the whole CoE prepare, motivate and participate in a session at an international conference. (All nodes with at least one researcher and two post-graduate student delegates). A full session on CoE work demonstrating disciplinary excellence, and transdisciplinary integration to address SDG water-related challenges, will be a clear demonstration of capacity development. The CoE will be established internationally as a network of water-related research strength. 10. To develop a cohort of African water researchers working to address complex water-related problems. Meeting this objective will be demonstrated at the international conference, through publications and post-graduate readiness for graduation.
African Centre of Excellence for Inequality Research: Partnerships and Capacity Building for Economic DevelopmentUK - Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
Inequality has emerged as the social challenge of the decade. Empirically, a series of influential studies of the available evidence suggest that global inequality has been falling in the last quarter century. This encouraging trend appears to have been driven entirely by convergence in GDP per capita across nations & the consequent decline in inequality between countries, with the average inequality within countries remaining constant until about 2000 but increasing thereafter. Within Africa inequality is more complex & often obscured by problems with unreliable & non-comparable data, both over time & across countries. The most careful African data analysis suggests that African inequality is very high: it is the most unequal continent. There is however huge variation in the magnitude, changes & texture of this inequality across the continent. The high aggregate figure is driven by the fact that 7 of the 10 most unequal countries in the world are in Africa (Beegle, Cattaneo, Christiaensen, & Dabalen, 2016). If Southern African countries are excluded, Africa has inequality levels comparable to developing countries in other parts of the world (Bhorat, Naidoo, & Pillay, 2015). Because some African countries are world 'leaders' in inequality, & over the next 30 years, Africa's population will make up a rapidly rising share of the world's population & especially in the younger age groups (Lam & Leibbrandt, 2013), the primary objective of the Centre is to deepen understanding about Africa's inequality dynamics & to foreground this in the international inequality literature & to ensure that it is included in the international measurements. Equally important is the need for the continent to ensure that the specifics of our societies are considered in the analysis both of the factors causing inequality & the consequences of inequality. This analysis is the basis for policy interventions & civil society action to turn the tide. ACEIR will directly address both the analytic & measurement challenges. With DataFirst leading this, ACEIR's objective of providing frontier data scholarship with great possibilities for capacity development is attainable. The data foundations described will be used to build an ambitious & important intellectual agenda on inequality in Africa. It will enable us to show how inequalities are produced & their destructive consequences on individuals, communities & societies. We will also contribute to a global & continent-specific understanding of how inequalities can be overcome. Measuring multidimensional well-being is data intensive. Understanding how multiple dimensions of well-being interact to trap some in poverty, put others on a positive trajectory into the middle class & serve to perpetuate privilege for others is analytically challenging but at the heart of well-designed policies to break persistent inequality. It is this match between frontier social science & policy impact that is at the heart of ACEIR. Summarised in its boldest form, the primary objective of ACEIR is to ensure that African researchers & policy makers lead the discussions of African Inequalities & their solutions on the international & continental levels, & especially within each country context. It requires a consolidation & increase in both the knowledge & skills bases on the continent. We build this strength out into broader African research networks off the platform of strong research capability & infrastructure within each of ACEIR's 3 nodes. The training & networking activities outlined have been designed to improve the partner institutions' ability to undertake & disseminate research, which will promote the welfare & economic development of these developing countries.
The Academy for African Migration Research (AAMR): supporting the development of the next generation of African migration scholarsUK - Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
The ARUA Centre of Excellence (CoE) on Migration and Mobility will support building capacity, partnerships and an Africa-led research agenda on migration and mobility amongst the next generation of African migration scholars. Through a 'hub and spoke' model currently involving six institutions in four countries, the CoE will facilitate a series of activities to meet this aim, through establishing the Academy for African Migration Research (AAMR). The proposed Academy draws from a successful model -the Academy for African Urban Diversity-which is hosted at the African Centre for Migration & Society (ACMS) at the University of the Witwatersrand. The AAMR will bring together doctoral students and early career researchers (ECRs) -who are max 3-years post-PhD- who are based at African institutions to discuss and debate Africa's contemporary migration and mobility trends, and associated concerns. Dedicated to supporting the next generation of African migration scholars, the Academy will bring together emerging African scholars who approach the study of migration from various disciplinary perspectives, including political science, sociology, anthropology, public health and urban studies. Participants will consider how both established and emerging scholars are developing Africa-oriented migration research agendas, concepts and theories, in ways that are interdisciplinary, historicised and explicitly comparative across different African contexts. By building a transcontinental cohort of scholars concerned with migration in Africa, the Academy not only strengthens students' and ECR's existing scholarship, but also forges the networks necessary for future comparative work and grant applications. The emphasis on emerging academics also enhances the various departments and faculties that these scholars are attached to and fills the knowledge training and production gap that has been identified by many universities on the continent. In addition to building research capacity, the Academy also aims to fill gaps in professional development that are often missing in African-based graduate training. This includes workshops on academic writing, developing funding proposals and job applications, and building teaching and supervision skills. Where possible, it will also expose students to innovative methodological approaches drawing on the social sciences and humanities. Although not a technical training facility, such exposure offers the grounding for further individual or collective exploration. Established researchers will be involved as key resource people, providing opportunities for strengthening existing - and building new - research partnerships across the continent, between both ARUA and non-ARUA members. Institutions will draw on affiliated faculties and extensive local and international migration research networks to speak on the various theoretical and thematic focuses - and professional development priorities - that will guide the work of the Academy. The proposed programme of work is organised around a set of mutually reinforcing objectives under two key themes: Building research capacity of the next generation of African migration scholars: - Foster more theoretically informed work on migration and mobility in Africa - Incubate a network of emerging African scholars deeply connected to peers and colleagues across the continent, and with other global contexts - Increase the visibility of African scholars in the scholarly/theoretically informed literature on migration in Africa Supporting professional development of the next generation of African migration scholars: - Build professional development skills, including in teaching, supervision, writing research proposals, project management, peer reviewing, building professional CVs and online profiles - Creating peer support and mentorship opportunities, including the pairing of doctoral students with ECRs and established academics - Develop online networking platform
The objectives of the Network are: i. To develop a collaborative, interdisciplinary network of African researchers capable of producing knowledge and interventions to address seemingly intractable issues in Africa's urban areas. ii. To promote rigorous networking through co-hosting of, and participation in capacity building and professional development programs such as workshops, masterclasses, seminars, conferences, webinars, exhibitions, panels and amongst others iii. To advance impactful education and capacity-building for post graduate researchers through targeted mentorships by way of doctoral and post-doctoral fellowships and research interactions with leading researchers in Africa and the UK. iv. To improve the competitiveness of African researchers by linking them to researchers in continental and global networks v. To foster collaborations with research end-users in industry, civil society and policy sectors to develop capacity for impactful research. vi. To provide outlets for African research activities to enhance knowledge and understanding of African problems and to promote the adoption of local led solutions. vii. To provide a platform for knowledge and information brokerage and sharing on issues in Africa.
Objective 1: Establish the ARUA-CD as a respected entity and presence in the climate change and development space. Objective 2: Grow our network to other researchers, policy makers and practitioners in Africa and beyond to begin to build a pan-African community of practice with links to the global community. Objective 3: Synthesise existing knowledge through scoping activities, and develop research agendas and concept notes to begin to build the understanding and capacity needed to undertake research and influence policy and practice. Objective 4: Expand on the priority thematic areas for research and training through collaborative activities, partnerships and knowledge sharing. Objective 5: Build the capacity, capabilities, and skills (both 'soft' as well as hard skills) of researchers (primarily early career researchers but also established researchers) to work in collaborative teams, across disciplines and regions, and with society to address the complex challenges that emerge at the interface of climate change and development. These collaborative activities have huge potential in terms of strengthening relationships and promoting trust across the African network. Objective 6: Review and interrogate the effectiveness of existing masters-level curricula in climate change and development in nurturing graduates who are capable of advancing a transformation to more equitable and sustainable pathways.
The "African Health Information Exchange network: transforming chronic disease care" application seeks to partner academic, civil society and industry digital health stakeholders who have long-standing commitments to developing context-appropriate integrated public sector digital health solutions, with health service providers responsible for whole health jurisdictions. These jurisdictions have solid foundational digital health assets and a shared vision to leverage end-to-end interoperability in support of improved chronic disease care. Working in these selected implementation sites to achieve scaled government-led implementation successes and learnings, the network, if funded through to stage 2, will assist the sites to: 1) Leverage patient autonomy and agency through client-facing solutions and a rights-based approach to accessing one's own health data, to support adherence, self-management and differentiated care for chronic health conditions 2) Support the introduction or refinement by government of out-of-facility digitally-supported service delivery channels (e.g. non-clinical logistics hubs for medicine distribution and diagnostics, medicine lockers, self-testing and community health worker programs) ensuring that these interoperate seamlessly with the fixed health services through a health information exchange or equivalent 3) Use digital safety-nets and direct interactions with patients to safely enable out-of-facility care delivery approaches and ensure appropriate follow-up and (re)engagement 4) Apply modern data science approaches to population-wide consolidated data to intelligently support clinical care, service management and digital patient interactions During stage 1, the network will use the seed funding for extensive participatory requirements gathering and network expansion with the following objectives: 1) To actively expand the network to other civil society and academic partners in the region who are working in jurisdictions amenable to partnerships with government health service providers, and which have sufficient digital health foundational investments to potentially achieve the overall project objectives. 2) Through direct engagement with healthcare clients, patient advocacy groups, lay health care workers, clinicians and health service managers, to develop a clear understanding of health system care delivery modalities which need to be accommodated in implementation sites, with identified digital tools, and integration, inter-operability, and user-interface requirements, culminating in a Requirements Consolidation workshop where all inputs will be synthesised and aligned 3) To develop high-level specifications for technological design and innovation which will address requirements prioritized during the Requirements Consolidation workshop, including proposed extensions to the African Health Information Exchange enterprise architecture, by engaging digital health and data science specialists in a two-day Technology Deep Dive workshop 4) To develop an initial stage 2 proposal based on the above activities which will be iteratively refined for submission against the full proposal call 5) Following the submission of the stage 2 proposal, to release working papers detailing the findings from the functional and technical requirements gathering initiatives