Search Results for: "International IDEA"
Youth-led programmes in Nepal focusing on civic participation, sexual reproductive health and rights, and livelihoods;
To improve the use of public finances so that they benefit the people of Myanmar. The expected results include contributing to increasing tax collection from large tax payers by 40% by 2020. The UK will fund a World Bank led programme to work with the Ministry of Planning and Finance to improve their ability to manage public funds and the capacity of parliament to provide oversight of public spending. The programme will also separately support tax administration, fiscal decentralisation, social accountability, and Myanmar’s involvement in the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative.
To strengthen local democracy in Nepal by supporting political devolution and the transition to federalism following promulgation of a new Constitution in 2015.
Palestinian Market Development Programme to Strengthen the Private Sector in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPTs)DAI Europe
The main objective of the project is to improve the competitiveness of the Palestinian Private Sector and through a programme of technical assistance and matching grants. The programme comprises 3 key outputs: -improve Private Sector skills and innovation -address market system failures in specific sectors -strenghtening trade and investment linkages with international markets
The Crick African Network will establish a UK-Africa collaboration to advance high-level capacity for research in poverty-related infectious diseases. The network will formally link the Francis Crick Institute (Crick) in the UK with a select group of African-based research organisations, with emphasis on an African Career Accelerator programme that will deliver an internationally connected and well-supported cadre of research professionals to increase human capacity in African centres of research excellence. We will strengthen existing, and develop new, collaborations between the Crick and African institutions via an intermediate-level investigator-driven network that will: 1. Offer advanced training opportunities at Crick for African postdoctoral scientists, then help re-establish them at their African institutions 2. Provide access to state-of-the-art Crick Science Technology Platform facilities and expertise 3. Host an introductory workshop in each African location followed by annual scientific meetings to grow exchange and collaboration 4. Establish Crick-African co-mentorship of these future leaders to contribute to sustainability. This will deliver: 1. A cadre of highly trained, internationally and locally-networked future African research leaders in the infectious diseases of poverty 2. A UK-African network of centres of excellence in biomedical research positioned to respond to pressing needs within Africa, and with a global footprint 3. Enhanced collaborations that will bring world-class basic science to bear on poverty-related health challenges affecting the welfare and economic development of the continent. Our ultimate goal is to reduce the burden of poverty-related infectious disease via the development of scientific leaders and research capacity and thereby improve the health and welfare of the people of Africa and beyond.
None in Three(Ni3) - A Centre for the Development, Application, Research and Evaluation of Prosocial Games for the Prevention of Gender-based ViolenceUK - Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
Objectives: 1. To establish a centre comprising a multi-disciplinary, cross-cultural team of researchers, game developers, media technicians, policy makers and educational leaders with advanced skills in the use of frontier technologies in education settings and innovative communication strategies for addressing GBV at the global level and in specific socio-cultural contexts. We will do this by building capacity and supporting research career development through training at graduate, post-graduate; and early academic career levels 2.To utilise integrative mixed methods research to investigate distinctive and predominant forms of GBV in China, Pakistan, Uganda, Jamaica and the UK and factors that increase violence against women and girls. Working with both victims and perpetrators of GBV, researchers will establish what issues and problems exist, their etiology, how they develop (by incident and by lifetime), the role of upbringing, culture and gender identity and other factors that mitigate or reinforce GBV. Data analysis will include newly developing approaches such as SKAD (Sociology of Knowledge Analysis of Discourse) and Situational Analysis. The management of data analysis will be supported by the use of CAQDAS (Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis). Using the knowledge derived from this research, country teams will determine the particular focus to be addressed by prosocial games and how these games will need to be modified to meet the specific needs of each country. 3.To develop anti-violence prosocial video games grounded within psychosocial theory for attitude and behaviour change and aimed at changing cultural, social, religious and other attitudes towards GBV in the five partner countries: Uganda, Pakistan, China, the UK and Jamaica. These prosocial gaming interventions will be used in schools and colleges to directly confront negative gendered attitudes, to raise awareness of GBV and to foster empathy towards victims of GBV 4.To work with education institutions in the partner countries to build education leadership skills for the design of curricula and context-suited educational interventions on GBV in order to provide the framework to support the introduction of prosocial computer games (pt.3) within schools and colleges. Targeting policy makers, school leaders, teachers and students, this objective seeks to promote understanding of and respect for the rights of women and girls and to emphasise the importance of accountability at individual and community levels in ensuring the safety and security of all community members, women and girls in particular. We will collaborate with third sector organisations and educationalists to identify best practice in games' use. 5.To a) investigate psychosocial and cultural predictors of gender inequality and violence against women and girls in the participating countries; b) to investigate the impact of prosocial computer games on attitude/behaviour change, growth in empathy capacity and non-adversarial conflict resolution skills and, c) to produce robust scientific country-specific evidence of the effectiveness of prosocial gaming. We will do this by training researchers in advanced skills for survey instrument design and cultural validation and advanced statistical analysis. 6.To develop a Policy Hub to guide overarching and targeted actions at the strategic and operational levels across the five countries and to feed emerging results from research into policy formulation systems. We will provide training in policy development, analysis and evaluation and enhance skills to review progress made towards SDGs relating to gender equality and GBV 7.We will create The IDEA, a global media hub of Impact, Dissemination and Engagement Activities to underpin and reinforce social and behavioural change. The IDEA will work with civil society organisations in the creation of Public Engagement Plans and technical skills in the use of social media techniques for influence.
The overall aim of BactiVac is to establish a bacterial vaccinology network that brings key individuals and organisations together to facilitate end-to-end bacterial vaccine development for low and middle income countries (LMICs) from exploratory research, through clinical trials, to licensure and implementation. No bacterial vaccinology network of this nature presently exists. Therefore, BactiVac will fill a major gap in global vaccinology, providing balance to the current critical mass of vaccinologists converging on outbreak and viral pathogens through the 'UK Vaccines Network', and WHO 'Research and Development Blueprint' and 'Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI)'. BactiVac will draw together entities from the academic, industry and stakeholder sectors from the UK/high income countries (HICs) and LMICs involved in human and animal vaccine R&D to foster partnership, disseminate relevant information and provide catalyst project support with the aim of accelerating LMIC bacterial vaccine development. A particular focus will be to address knowledge gaps in the area, such as identification of bacterial vaccine priorities for LMICs, and to support the transition of vaccines from preclinical to clinical trials, where so many currently flounder. Specific objectives: 1. To establish an open network that connects key individuals and organisations from academia, industry and LMICs to fulfil unmet needs for bacterial vaccines, providing opportunities for the dissemination of knowledge and ideas, fostering partnerships and progressing bacterial vaccine R&D. 2. To establish a framework to address major gaps in our knowledge of bacterial vaccinology, including the prioritisation of LMIC-focused bacterial diseases for vaccine development, and identifying Clinical Research Organisations (CRO), Contract Manufacturing Organisations (CMO) and manufacturing capacities and capabilities to support bacterial vaccine development. 3. To provide support for small-scale projects that will prime substantive funding applications, with an emphasis on those that directly impact bacterial vaccine progression, and involve partnership between network members, particularly members from LMICs and industry. 4. To establish BactiVac as the advocacy network for bacterial vaccinology that campaigns for the need for bacterial vaccines as a means of reducing the burden of endemic bacterial disease, combatting AMR and improving economic development in LMICs. 5. To support training opportunities and exchanges, prioritising those involving LMIC members and industrial partners, for the transfer of knowledge and skills in bacterial vaccinology. 6. To interface with other groups, including other vaccine networks generated from this call, the Developing Countries Manufacturing Network (DCVMN), Veterinary Vaccinology Network (VVN), stakeholder organisation such as WHO and GAVI and funders such as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation BMGF) to maximize the reach and use of resources to achieve the network's objectives.
The Antislavery Knowledge Network: Community-Led Strategies for Creative and Heritage-Based Interventions in Sub-Saharan AfricaUK - Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
Our main aim is to address slavery as an urgent development challenge in sub-Saharan Africa, by pioneering a participatory approach to knowledge partnership that uses arts and humanities methods to address the following Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets: 8.7 ("Take immediate and effective measures to... end modern slavery and human trafficking"), 5.2 ("Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls... including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation") and 16.2 ("End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children"). To achieve this, we have 5 key objectives: 1. Deliver co-designed work with local communities that helps to enable sustainable development, free from slavery. Projects will provide usable research, skills, and engagement tools. They will harness participatory engagement strategies and build antislavery resilience. By enabling knowledge partnering for contemporary antislavery, we aim to measure an increase in the number of at-risk people whose participation in creative, cultural and heritage-based programming has built antislavery resilience by increasing rights awareness, developing leadership skills and accessing new networks. 2. Produce high quality interdisciplinary research that generates a solid evidential base for the debates over the role of the arts and humanities in addressing development challenges. The network will deliver a programme of research that supports bottom-up sustainable development without the denial of human rights. We aim to evidence the value of arts-based initiatives to changing the socio-economic contexts that make people vulnerable to slavery, increase research capabilities for arts and humanities contributions to development, and advance the debate over the role of cultural activities in development work by offering creative grassroots alternatives to campaigning approaches. 3. Engage and connect actors and organisations across the area of focus with UK-based slavery researchers. Our pilots bring together three leading research centres in the UK and partners in three West and Central African countries. The hub and spoke model, complemented by our commissioning strategy and database, will develop new relationships that combine research and antislavery action. Our strategy for commissioning is informed by our pilots' lessons and prioritises a flexible, responsive agenda. This will generate a diverse range of commissioned projects. We will share strategies to maximise effective knowledge-partnering and network-building, and foster new partnership models between universities and civil society. 4. Drive conceptual change through the transformative power of the arts and humanities. The arts and humanities have the power to create lasting legacies by engaging with diverse audiences through education, training, and creative leadership. We aim to use the transformative power of collaborative projects rooted in the arts and humanities to foster processes of communication and mutual learning, and to develop creative ways of responding to development challenges. We aim to measure, as a result, changes in the way that most development agencies and NGOs think about impact, to include levels of community resilience as a result of creative and cultural programmes. 5. Secure legacies that are sustainable beyond the funding period. We will create institutional structures through capacity-building with our partner organisations, scholar exchanges, and network-building. We will commission projects with evidence of co-design, knowledge exchange, and impact pathways. They will establish baselines and indicators for assessment, develop educational applications, and engage with other network partners. The combined evidence base of the pilot and commissioned projects will generate new arts and humanities development projects-beyond the funding period-that draw from our methods, theories and examples.
The project seeks to: (1) Examine how local communities perceive, experience and live with off-grid sanitation challenges and how do these challenges shape and reproduce social, political, cultural and economic marginalisation in rapidly urbanising contexts; (2) Analyse and facilitate participatory and bottom-up socio- technical, and institutional processes that seek to re-imagine productive use of shit as 'brown gold'; (3) Explore the barriers, facilitators and trade-offs in making these locally appropriate innovations inclusive and equitable; (4) Analyse the policy, business and regulatory frameworks that enable the scaling up of these innovations in urban contexts.
The CALOPUS Project brings together an inter-disciplinary UK-India team to address the novel engineering solutions required to provide relatively unskilled healthcare workers in low-middle income countries (LMICs) with a point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) system to ensure that pregnant women are referred to the appropriate level of care based on automated analysis of ultrasound images of the growing fetus and placenta. The primary research objectives are: 1. To develop a novel simple-to-use automated low-cost ultrasound-based software method that uses deep learning to analyze medical ultrasound video scans acquired to a standardized protocol to give an actionable traffic light system referral recommendation to a healthcare professional. 2. To develop medical image analysis methods for determining 3D fetal position, and orientation from 2D medical ultrasound video as the basis for a communication tool between a healthcare worker and a patient. 3. To develop medical image analysis methods to anonymize gender in fetal ultrasound video. To integrate methods 1-3 together, 4. to perform a pilot study, in an appropriate clinical setting in India, to test performance of the methods, and to conduct a usability assessment. Secondary objectives concerning knowledge exchange, capacity-building and network-building are: 5. (UK-to-India) To train a researcher in the India team in ultrasound image analysis via a visit hosted at Oxford, and on-the-job training with includes mentorship buy UK researchers. 6. (India-to-UK) To educate the UK-based researchers on healthcare needs in India, and how to map these to healthcare technology research questions and solutions. 7. (Network building) To hold two research workshops in India to encourage scientific debate and discussion of future new collaborations in point-of-care technologies and ultrasound-based technologies for healthcare needs in India and other LMICs.
Development of a human challenge model of Leishmania major infection as a tool for assessing vaccines against leishmaniasisUK - Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
The main objective of the proposal is to develop a new human challenge model of cutaneous leishmaniasis, initiated by sand fly bite. To achieve this objective, we have four main aims: 1. Conduct focus group discussions to inform the development of a human challenge model of leishmaniasis (clinical study 1) 2. Conduct optimisation studies to develop a sand fly biting protocol using healthy volunteers and uninfected sand flies (clinical study 2) 3. Development of a clinical parasite bank of L. major, for future use in human challenge studies, beginning with isolation and characterisation of fresh clinical isolates of Leishmania major from patients in Israel (Clinical study 3), and including validation of transmission through sand flies and infectivity to mice 4. Conduct initial human challenge infection studies in healthy volunteers, to establish parameters for safety and utility as a model to test vaccine efficacy (clinical study 4).
From education to employment? Trajectories for young people in Lebanon in the context of protracted displacement.UK - Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
The overall question we seek to address in this research project is: In displacement settings, what shapes the trajectories of young people from education into employment? The principal research questions we seek to answer in this research are: 1. How does legal status (refugee, national, migrant, displaced) and the accompanying rights and restrictions of that status impact trajectories from education to employment? 2. What is the interaction between different types of education (including no education) and employment for different groups of young people in the context of protracted displacement? In order analyse trajectories from education to employment, we will collect and formulate narratives along the following dimensions that may impact trajectories from education to (un)employment: a. Background, family-history, place of origin and capabilities of young individuals b. Narratives of individual young people's trajectories navigating from education to employment c. Local context and place-based characteristics d. National and local level institutional arrangements and policies on education and employment
Developing co-created smart city solutions for managed adaptation and monitoring of hydro-meteorological climate change related risk in MexicoUK - Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
The study aims to explore the scope for, and acceptability of, climate change-related risk reducing strategies in informal, vulnerable communities. Such strategies will be explored from the community and government perspectives, understanding the barriers to flooding risk-reducing strategies, and identifying politically and practically viable approaches through active adaptation and increasing resilience, within a wider and more complex context of social and physical risk. The research purpose is to test mechanisms for long term sustainable processes of risk monitoring and mitigation through engaging communities and organisations in a constructive 'dialogue of knowledges'. In addition, the research will assess how multi-level actors are influenced by, and can influence, climate change-related risks and the associated governance structures - such as the development of policies and norms - to allow greater support for climate change engagement. As a consequence, greater support for climate change engagement and adaptation will be achieved. This 'dialogue of knowledges' will be achieved by testing strategies and smart-technologies for risk monitoring and adaptation design. These strategies are conceived from a 'smart city' perspective, by implementing data collection, communication and data processing technologies systems in a pilot case in Mexico City with high levels of growth in the last two decades as well as projections of migrations due to climate change. The pilot case targets vulnerable informal settlements at the dwelling level, and engage with local communities in the development of tools for monitoring, adaptation and communication that can be upscaled at the city, national and international levels. The project is structured around the following research objectives: 1. To investigate how communities adapt to local climate change risks, understanding the perceptions people and institutions have of climate change-related risks, analysing the current limits and opportunities, and what role private and public sector organisations play in enabling adaptive action. The idea is to initiate interaction and discussion between these actors in order to empower their communities to learn about mitigation activities from each other and thereby allow 'managed adaptation' at reduced cost, resources and effort. 2. To develop, implement and test co-created tests smart-technologies as tools to communicate, monitor and mitigate flooding risk in vulnerable communities. This technology will include flooding modelling and monitoring based on the analysis of satellite images and of high technology sensors, as well as community knowledge and adaptation to climate change risk. This technology will be co-produced for the easy and user-friendly information of entrepreneurs, businesses, policy makers, and local community member's efforts to mitigate climate change. 3. To explore the potential for these approaches and techniques to be rolled out at the wider scale with community-based researchers, using training and communication programmes; establishing mechanisms replicable to different cities, and creating society-wide change using smart-technology that incorporates community knowledge and experience and simultaneously helps to create and influence climate change-related local and national policies. Once the lessons learned and recommendations have been identified from the pilot experience, the smart-technology developed will be implemented in two additional communities that experience climate change-related risks to also investigate and develop recommendations on the sharing of knowledge between communities and impact on local and national policy making.
Determinants of effectiveness of a novel community health workers programme in improving maternal and child health in NigeriaUK - Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
The AIM of this project is to inform strengthening and scaling up of community health worker (CHW) programmes. This will be achieved by investigating two implementations (i.e. with and without conditional cash transfers) of a Nigerian CHW programme, to understand what factors, under what conditions, promote equitable access to quality services, and improve maternal and child health outcomes. Specific project OBJECTIVES are to: 1. Develop an in-depth understanding of the context and the process of implementation of the interventions, including relationships between health workforce and infrastructure and supplies; 2. Identify, assess and compare the intervention outputs (e.g. skills and practices of CHWs and effectiveness and efficiency of primary health care facilities) and outcomes (e.g. equitable access to quality MCH services and attainment of MCH outcome targets); 3. Develop an empirically-based and theoretically-grounded model of complex relations between the actors, context, implementation process, outputs and outcomes of the interventions; 4. Develop transferable best practices for scalability (expansion within a broadly similar context) and generalizability (expansion to different contexts) of the interventions.
The overarching aims of this project are first, to better understand the various problems surrounding the regulation of AMR containment in India, and second, to improve the situation by applying the concept and methods of 'smart regulation'. These broad aims will be achieved through a set of five more specific objectives: 1. We will contribute to policy and practice in the area of AMR regulation through a series of objectives designed to influence the regulatory environment. We will engage with regulators and stakeholders from the early stages of the project to encourage a sense of 'ownership' and co-produce regulatory solutions tailored to the Indian context. Semi-structured interviews with key regulators and regulatory subjects will give us a deep understanding of their situated perspectives and interests (both financial and non-financial). The interactive workshops that follow (eight at the state level and one at the national level) will establish a safe and productive environment in which regulators and regulatory subjects can share their situated knowledge and together imagine new regulatory futures that would be mutually acceptable to both sides. By co-designing a 'Statement of Intent' with regulators, we will synthesise different perspectives and define and agree a way forward for the four specific sectors. For the final project dissemination meeting, a user-friendly guidance document and animated video will be created to encourage uptake of 'smart regulation' for addressing AMR in other Indian states as well internationally. 2. We will contribute to knowledge and understanding of 'smart regulation' and its relevance to AMR containment through the publication of four articles in leading journals. These will be co-authored by the Indian and UK team members. Each article will focus in depth on the socio-economic context, regulatory frameworks and application of smart regulation in one of the four sectors studied (i.e. pharmacies, hospitals, poultry industry and the pharmaceutical industry). These articles will fill gaps in the current AMR literature by providing sector-focussed analysis of the regulations 'on the books' in India and discussing issues surrounding enforcement. In terms of the theoretical and practical contribution, the articles will highlight how 'smart regulation' can fundamentally change thinking about regulation and improve compliance. The four publications will likely be impactful and influential within the growing AMR literature, which to date has not engaged in a meaningful way with important questions surrounding regulation. 3. The project will enable the collection of a new and important body of information. The UK team will prepare a background document for the workshops containing a comprehensive list of Indian AMR policies and regulations within the four sectors, as well as a systematic review of global regulatory best practices and initiatives in AMR containment. The background document will be highly valuable to Indian regulators. It will be submitted for publication and made available on the project website. The list of stakeholder networks and the data from interviews with regulators and other stakeholders in the four sectors will also be significant resources in their own right. Excerpts can feed into later outputs including the journal articles, guidance document and final project report. 4. We will contribute to the development of the theory and methodology of 'smart regulation' through its novel application to the AMR regulatory context in India. Reflections on the challenges in transposing smart regulation to this policy domain will be detailed in the journal articles and final project report. 5. By providing training and assisting in career development, we will nurture the next generation of researchers and policymakers working in the field of AMR containment in India and the UK. This is another important route for the project to make a long-term impact on the field.
The present project proposes a multi-purpose platform (MPP), integrating offshore renewable energy and, closely co-located, integrated multi-trophic aquaculture systems. Previous European projects (Blue Growth projects, see Case for Support) have focused on farms of large MPPs (MW-scale), while the present call for proposal focus on devices for island communities. In China, previous projects such as the Daguan (2012), the Dawanshan (2015), and the Sehngshan isolated hybrid power demonstration stations, have focused on multi-energy platforms, but these were based onshore, and did not integrate aquaculture systems. Therefore, the present island community scenario poses novel, multidisciplinary challenges, not investigated before. The main aim of this project is to develop a fundamental, multidisciplinary understanding to tackle the challenges arising from the integration of offshore renewable energy devices and aquaculture systems, closely co-located. The first objective (WP1) is to identify and rank the most suitable technologies for the island community scenario specified by the present call. At present, several wind turbine and wave energy technologies are available, as well as aquaculture systems - therefore it is needed to narrow down the technology scope in order to focus the analysis methodologies developed in the following WPs. Linked to this, an identification of the main cross-disciplinary questions is performed: e.g. "What is the impact of the noise generated by the renewable energy devices on the (closely co-located) aquaculture species growth rate? How the dynamic response of a floating hybrid wind-wave energy device will change when an aquaculture system is integrated with it?" These questions will force the following work packages to adopt a whole-system, multidisciplinary approach when developing their methodologies. The second objective is to develop an understanding of the MPP coupled aero-hydro-servo-structural dynamics, as well as the strategies to manage the energy production, consumption, and storage (WP2,3,4) (technological), and this is done in tight collaboration with the socio-economic-environmental analyses of the MPP (WP5,6). The focus of this objective is not in furthering the fundamental understanding of the single technologies (wind, wave, solar, aquaculture), but in tackling the novel challenges arising, in the different disciplines, from the integration of these technologies. The third objective (WP7) is to perform a synthesis of the previous analyses, developing a cross-disciplinary approach, and performing a cross-disciplinary interactions analysis. The interfaces between the several MPP subsystems will be mapped, and ranked in order of importance. This will allow a deeper understanding of the most important cross-disciplinary coupling, crucial to prevent by design potential conflicts between, for example, the aquaculture system and the renewable energy devices requirements. This approach will be also used to maximise the socio-economic benefit opportunities offered by the MPP platform. The fourth objective is to demonstrate the capabilities of the new understanding developed in the previous steps through case studies, focusing on a Chinese island community (WP8). An overarching objective is to ensure that all the projects funded under the same call will collaborate in maximising the impact of these EPSRC/NERC/NSFC funds, to maximise the collaboration between the British and Chinese institutions, to disseminate the results, and to engage with the potential stakeholders.
This project seeks to advance Smart City practice by developing a novel approach to Smart City innovation and increasing our understanding of the preconditions for innovation to be firmly oriented towards citizens' priorities and interests. Close attention to the institutions and politics of urban governance will allow us to move away from the tokenistic citizen participation characteristic of much current Smart City development towards more effective methods of co-creation. The current Smart City debate lacks in-depth analyses of how to move towards the citizen- and problem-oriented development that has been widely advocated. This project can make a significant contribution to filling that gap. The project will bring together a multi-disciplinary, cross-sectoral team to work collaboratively to: (i) develop and test the value of a novel multi-dimensional framework in facilitating the co-creation of integrated, inclusive and equitable citizen-oriented Smart City innovation. The framework will be based upon the Responsible Innovation framework used in the anticipatory governance of techno-science, but not yet applied in the Smart City context. This will be combined with the Bristol Approach to citizen-centred Smart City development. Through knowledge exchange, contextual expertise of Mexican collaborators, and project learning this framework will be adapted and refined to be more broadly applicable. (ii) evaluate the extent to which existing Smart City practices in Mexico City align with the dimensions of this framework, with a particular focus on equity and social justice. Case studies of existing projects in Mexico City in development and operation will be conducted. The case studies will compare state-sponsored projects with those originating in civil society. The case studies will be benchmarked against our multi-dimensional framework. (iii) identify the institutional preconditions for effective and impactful citizen-oriented Smart City innovation. For citizen-oriented innovation to have broader impact can require it to interface with the social and political systems in which it is embedded. The project will examine the institutional context in which such innovation exists. The analysis will encompass organisational capacity; the involvement or incorporation of non-state actors; mechanisms of co-ordination and integration, including hybrid organisational arrangements and formal and informal rules of the game. Particular attention will be given to possible normative conflicts and the exercise of power. More specifically, the research will address the following six objectives: 1. formulate a multi-dimensional framework rooted in Responsible Innovation to support Smart City development based on collective competencies and capacities for anticipation, reflection, inclusive deliberation, and responsiveness; 2. use this framework to work with citizens and other stakeholders in Mexico City to (i) conduct an integrated anticipatory exercise on Smart City innovation, structuring capacity development into the process, and (ii) design a Smart City innovation geared towards citizens' priorities; 3. examine the broader institutions of urban governance with which citizen-oriented smart city developments need to interface successfully, identifying enablers and barriers; 4. benchmark existing approaches to Smart City development in Mexico City against our multi-dimensional framework; 5. provide opportunities for social learning directed at (i) better understanding the institutional constraints upon citizen-oriented Smart City development and the scope for institutional change; (ii) refining our framework to facilitate application in ODA countries more broadly; 6. collaboratively produce diverse outputs for a range of audiences, with a focus upon accessible tools to assist citizens and communities engage effectively with the Smart City agenda.
1. Generation of a collection of dengue mutants with varying sensitivity to human STAT2. 2. Characterization of the immune response of dendritic cells following infection with the dengue mutants to gauge their potential as vaccine candidates.
The main objectives of the proposed research are as follows: 1. Working with stakeholder colleagues, to improve the decision-making processes of the Start Fund (and other anticipatory humanitarian disaster risk financing schemes) by co-developing a system to analyse and display forecast skill, along with the forecast itself; 2. Working with stakeholder colleagues, to produce a detailed account of how analysis of forecast skill can benefit decision-making in four case studies for different natural hazards in developing countries; 3. With respect to a case study of drought in southern Africa, to describe the impact that imperfect model skill may have on the practical implementation of disaster financing schemes such as the Africa Risk Capacity, Start's own Drought Financing Facility, and the World Food Programme's FOODSECURE scheme, and for this to contribute useful information to the decision of the Government of Botswana whether to join any such scheme. 4. To hold a one-day meeting in London for insurance stakeholders to discuss progress in forecast-based insurance schemes, and the degree to which these are constrained by the skill or quality of model-based forecasts. 5. To feed back to forecast providers (e.g. national met services) suggestions of how to improve the relevance and practical use of operational forecasts for the humanitarian sector. 6. To write and submit a journal article describing the above research and the impact on humanitarian decision-making processes.
The objectives of the proposed research proposal are as follow: 1- To contribute to the social and economic welfare of Egypt by providing innovative solutions for preservation of cultural heritage structures; which will promote the tourism industry that is crucial to Egypt. 2- To develop preservation methods for ancient structures in Egypt using the non-invasive ViBa technique pioneered by researchers from the UK group. 3- To conduct numerical simulations and small-scale experimental tests on representative historic structures in Egypt in order to confirm the benefits of adopting the ViBa system. 4- To optimize the different parameters affecting the behaviour of the ViBa system and its components for various ancient structures in different sites in Egypt. 5- To develop preservation guidelines against earthquake attacks to be presented to the government and authorities in Egypt.